Strawberries: a Potential Weapon Against Dementia

Strawberries: a Potential Weapon Against Dementia

Lily Anderson – In a recent study published in the journal Nutrients, researchers from the University of Cincinnati have unearthed a potential weapon against dementia: strawberries.

Building upon their previous research on the cognitive benefits of blueberries, the team led by Dr. Robert Krikorian explored the impact of daily strawberry consumption on middle-aged individuals, shedding light on the potential cognitive and metabolic advantages.

The Berry Connection: Anthocyanins and Beyond

Both strawberries and blueberries share a common denominator—anthocyanins, antioxidants that have been linked to various health benefits, including metabolic and cognitive enhancements. Dr. Krikorian emphasizes the existing epidemiological data supporting the notion that regular consumption of these berries correlates with a slower rate of cognitive decline during aging.

Beyond anthocyanins, strawberries boast additional micronutrients like ellagitannins and ellagic acid, each carrying its own set of health benefits. With around 50% of the U.S. population developing insulin resistance around middle age, the study sought to explore whether strawberries could contribute to both cognitive and metabolic well-being.

Cognitive Boost: Unveiling the Results

The study enlisted 30 overweight participants aged 50-65, experiencing mild cognitive decline, a group inherently at a higher risk of late-life dementia. Over 12 weeks, participants refrained from consuming any berry fruit, except for a daily supplement powder equivalent to one cup of whole strawberries. The results were nothing short of remarkable.

Participants who received the strawberry powder exhibited diminished memory interference, signifying an overall improvement in executive ability. Dr. Krikorian explains that this reduced memory interference indicates better executive control, resisting intrusion of non-target words during memory testing.

Moreover, the strawberry-treated group experienced a significant reduction in depressive symptoms, indicative of enhanced executive ability leading to improved emotional control and coping mechanisms.

The Metabolic Puzzle: Insights and Gaps

While previous studies have shown that strawberries contribute to improved metabolic measures, such as lower insulin levels, this study did not find a significant impact on metabolic health. Dr. Krikorian suggests that the dosage of strawberry powder might play a role, as other studies utilized higher amounts.

Exploring the Anti-Inflammatory Potential

Looking ahead, Dr. Krikorian speculates that the observed cognitive benefits may stem from a reduction in brain inflammation. With executive abilities declining in midlife and excess abdominal fat contributing to increased inflammation, the study hints at strawberries’ potential role in moderating inflammation and preserving cognitive function.

Future Frontiers and Concluding Thoughts

While the study provides promising insights, Dr. Krikorian emphasizes the need for further research with larger participant samples and varying strawberry supplementation dosages. The potential cognitive benefits of strawberries may unlock new avenues for preventing dementia, offering hope for those navigating middle age and concerned about cognitive decline.

In conclusion, the daily inclusion of organic strawberries in one’s diet could prove to be a simple yet powerful strategy for supporting cognitive health. As strawberries top the ‘Dirty Dozen’ list of fruits with the most pesticides, opting for organic varieties ensures not only cognitive benefits but also protects against harmful chemicals. Embrace the berry revolution, safeguard your mind, and relish the sweet taste of cognitive well-being.


Robert Krikorian, Marcelle D. Shidler, Suzanne S. Summer. Early Intervention in Cognitive Aging with Strawberry SupplementationNutrients, 2023; 15 (20): 4431 DOI: 10.3390/nu15204431

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